A Guide to Rupununi

The Rupununi region is in south-west Guyana and borders the Brazilian Amazon. Through the middle of the region runs the Rupununi river, resulting in a number of different ecosystems in the same geographical area.


an image of a collection of tribal huts in the middle of the jungle

The Rupununi region is home to the Wapishana, Macushi, Wai-Wai, and Patamona peoples. Settlers from Brazil, Venezuela, and a number of other South American countries have helped form the basis of the region’s population.

Walter Raleigh famously claimed that the much-sought-after El Dorado was situated on the Rupununi river (although he never succeeded in finding him). The first mention of Guyana more generally, meanwhile, can be dated back to 1499.


The Rupununi region is home, as you’ll know if you’ve read any of our previous posts, to a diverse and varied range of species:

  • Jaguar
  • Puma
  • Giant otter
  • Howler monkeys
  • Giant anteater
  • Capybara

Even looking at the Rupununi river in isolation provides a fascinating and varied insight into marine and aquatic life:

  • Arapaima
  • Lau-Lau
  • Red-Bellied Piranha
  • Lukanani
  • Redtail Catfish

An underwater picture of an arapaima head on

Such incredible biodiversity makes Rupununi the perfect location for any nature lover. Provided due care and attention is paid by anyone hoping to see these animals up close, the encounter of a lifetime could well be just around the corner.

It is absolutely essential, however, that everything in this region are treated with caution. The animals are all wild, and not used to human interaction. While certain areas have bred animals that are well aware of humans and how to avoid them, Rupununi’s pure, untouched nature means that any visitors must observe all recommended safety guidelines.


an image of two brave Bushmasters adventurers sitting on rocks amongst the rainforest

As a designated ‘protected area’ according to the government of Guyana, Rupununi is every ecotourist’s dream. Many locations serve as protection areas for different species; the Karanambu Ranch, for example, provides a safe haven for giant otters and is supported by the revenue of visiting tourists.


Rupununi is a fascinating destination for any traveler. With such fascinating nature and a rich, mysterious history, there’s something there for absolutely everyone.

You can visit the region with Bushmasters in a variety of capacities, including our safaris, jungle survival courses, and kayak ventures. Contact us for more information.