Belize is a country located on the north eastern coast of Central America and is the only country in where English is the official language. It has a diverse society, comprising many cultures and languages. Belize is bordered to the north by Mexico, south and west by Guatemala, and to the east by the Caribbean Sea. Belize’s mainland is about 290 kilometres (180 mi) long and 110 kilometres (68 mi) wide.
Belize is culturally unique among its Central American neighbours; it is the only nation in the region with a British Colonial Heritage. Belize is considered to be a Central American nation with strong ties to both the Caribbean and Latin America.
SURVIVAL EXPERIENCE IN BELIZE
Belize is shaped like a rectangle that extends about 280 kilometres (174 mi) north-south and about 100 kilometres (62 mi) east-west, with a total land boundary length of 516 kilometres (321 mi). The north of Belize consists mostly of flat, swampy coastal plains, in places heavily forested. The south contains the low mountain range of the Maya Mountains.
The Caribbean coast is lined with a coral reef and some 450 islands known locally as cayes (pronounced “keys”). They total about 690 square kilometres (266 sq mi), and form the approximately 320-kilometre (199 mi) long Belize Barrier Reef, the longest in the Western Hemisphere and the second longest in the world. Three of the four coral atolls in the Western Hemisphere are located off the coast of Belize.